The Strait of Gibraltar or Cadiz has numerous legends. Hercules is the
greatest protagonist of these stories because one of his labours was located here: the Cattle of Geryon where the mythical columns of Calpe y Abyla were erected, identified as Gibraltar and Ceuta.


Also linked to our region the episode of Apples of the Hesperides, the fight against Antaeus -who is recognized in the outline of the Dead Woman, holding the weight of the vault of heaven- or the distance between Europe and Africa.


For this reason, it is not unusual that Ceuta had built a statue of Hercules, as the iconic image revealed a hundred years ago.


The Dead Woman, as seen from The Hacho Mountain, resembles an elephant crossing between the mountains. According to Strabo, this outline is named the Elephas and it foretold the proximity to the end of Mare Nostrum.


In 2004, an archaeological dig in the vicinity of the Holy Cathedral resulted in the appearance of structures of Phoenician walls of VII-VIII centuries before Christ, as well as ceramic pieces from ceramics studio from Central Mediterranean and Greeks of VII century B.C.


It's the evidence from ancient stories which mentioned that Phoenicians and Greeks crossed our soil.


Moreover, studies carried out by specialists points that the religious place, known as Bizancio, is the origin of the city of Ceuta.

INSTITUTO DE ESTUDIOS CEUTÍES

Paseo del Revellín nº 30

Apartado de Correos nº 593

51080 CEUTA

Tel.: 956 51 00 17 / Fax: 956 51 08 10 / Email: iec@ieceuties.org

 

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